2018–2019 Walden University Catalog (September 2018) 
    
    Jan 27, 2022  
2018–2019 Walden University Catalog (September 2018) [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 
  
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    NURS 6531 - Advanced Practice Care of Adults Across the Lifespan


    (5 cr.) In this course, students learn how nurse practitioners master the art and science of clinical decision making among adult populations. Students focus on the diagnosis and management of primary healthcare needs and problems of the adult and elderly adult. They engage in a variety of course assignments that focus on physical and behavioral disease processes central to diagnosing illnesses as well as planning, implementing, and evaluating therapeutic treatment programs for acute illnesses commonly encountered in a primary healthcare setting. Students gain confidence in clinical experiences in a primary healthcare setting where they learn to plan, implement, and evaluate therapeutic regimens for adult patients with common acute and chronic illnesses.   (Prerequisite(s): NURS 6501, NURS 6512, and NURS 6521.) Note: This course requires a minimum of 144 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 6540 - Advanced Practice Care of Frail Elders


    (5 cr.) The frail elderly are a subpopulation characterized by inactivity and weight loss. In this course, students focus on the complex healthcare and management needs of the frail elderly by advanced nurse practitioners in community settings. Students learn to plan, implement, and evaluate therapeutic regimens through the analysis of case studies and the actual care of frail elderly in various settings. Additionally, students examine content related to end-of-life care and caregiver issues to gain the knowledge and sensibilities needed to implement positive change for the quality of life available to this vulnerable population. (Prerequisite(s): NURS 6501, NURS 6512, NURS 6521, and NURS 6531.) Note: This course requires a minimum of 144 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 6541 - Primary Care of Adolescents and Children


    (5 cr.) How can a nurse practitioner master the art and science of clinical decision making among pediatric populations? Students in this course have the opportunity to answer this question as they examine content related to the primary healthcare of children and adolescents while focusing on common health problems. Students learn how to identify, diagnose, and manage these problems. They also gain confidence in clinical experience in a primary healthcare setting that provides opportunities to assess, diagnose, plan, implement, and evaluate therapeutic regimens for acute and chronic illnesses commonly found in children and adolescents. (Prerequisite(s): NURS 6501, NURS 6512, NURS 6521, and NURS 6531.) Note: This course requires a minimum of 144 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 6550 - Advanced Practice Care of Adults in Acute Care Settings I


    (5 cr.) The complex assessment and care of patients in the hospital setting will require advanced practice nurses to obtain the specialized skills necessary to provide quality care for patients in these acute care settings. This course is designed to prepare students to provide care for acutely ill and critically ill patients. Students in this course will be introduced to the role of the advanced practice nurse, while gaining confidence in caring for acutely ill patients. Through course assignments and clinical practice in the acute care setting they will plan, implement, and evaluate care for critically ill patients. Students will also increase their knowledge of pharmacologic management of hospitalized patients, while applying knowledge gained through previous coursework.

      Note: This course requires a minimum of 144 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 6551 - Primary Care of Women


    (5 cr.) How can a nurse practitioner decide what is important to focus on in a 15- to 30-minute appointment with a woman seeking primary care? Students in this course gain opportunities to teach and promote wellness in women through the process of screening for commonly seen gynecological disorders. Students learn to analyze data to interpret results for the benefit of women seeking assistance with planning healthy lifestyle behaviors. They also gain clinical experience in a primary healthcare setting that provides opportunities to increase competence in diagnosis, treatment, referrals, or follow-up care with a concentration on improving patient outcomes. (Prerequisite(s): NURS 6501, NURS 6512, NURS 6521, NURS 6531, and either NURS 6540 or NURS 6541.) Note: This course requires a minimum of 144 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 6560 - Advanced Practice Care of Adults in Acute Care Settings II


    (5 cr.) Students in this course advance their clinical competence in the care of patients in acute care settings by building on knowledge and skills gained in NURS 6550. Through clinical practice, students build confidence as they begin the transition from student to advanced practice nurse. Classroom activities and case studies enable students to explore the complex healthcare system, including multiple governmental, social, and personal resources available to acutely ill adults across the age continuum. Clinical experiences in hospital settings provide students with the continued opportunity to develop, implement, and evaluate management plans for adults and older adults with complex acute, critical, and chronic illness. The application of knowledge in the management of patients and the collaboration between the advanced practice nurse and the patient, family, and interprofessional healthcare team are emphasized.

      Note: This course requires a minimum of 144 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 6561 - Synthesis in Advanced Practice Care of Complex Patients in Primary Care Settings


    (5 cr.) Students in this synthesis course focus on clinical competence in primary care settings by building on knowledge and skills gained in previous courses. Through clinical practice, students build confidence as they begin the transition from the role of registered nurse to that of advanced practice nurse. Classroom activities and case studies enable students to explore the salient advanced practice nursing issues involved in the delivery of safe, competent, high-quality, cost-effective care of patients in a dynamic healthcare system. Through clinical experiences in primary care settings, students have the continued opportunity to develop, implement, and evaluate management plans for patients with complex health conditions. The application of knowledge in the management of clients and collaboration among the advanced practice nurse and the client, family, and interprofessional healthcare team are emphasized. (Prerequisite(s): NURS 6501, NURS 6512, NURS 6521, NURS 6531, and either NURS 6540 or NURS 6541, and NURS 6551.) Note: This course requires a minimum of 144 practicum hours and must be the last course in the curriculum.
  
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    NURS 6565 - Synthesis in Advanced Nursing Practice Care of Patients in Primary Care Settings


    (5 cr.) Students in this synthesis course focus on clinical competence in primary care settings by building on knowledge and skills gained in previous courses. Through clinical practice, students build confidence as they begin the transition from the role of registered nurse to that of advanced practice nurse. Classroom activities and case studies enable students to explore the salient nurse practitioner practice issues involved in the delivery of safe, competent, high-quality, and cost-effective care of patients in a dynamic healthcare system. Clinical experiences in primary care settings provide students with the continued opportunity to develop, implement, and evaluate management plans for patients with complex health conditions. The application of knowledge in the management of clients and collaboration among the advanced practice nurse and the client, family, and interprofessional healthcare team are emphasized.
  
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    NURS 6600 - Capstone Synthesis Practicum


    (5 cr.) Students in this course apply the MSN curriculum experience by translating knowledge into practice by designing, developing, and implementing a project in a professional healthcare setting. By using the culmination of learning, students gain the opportunity to effect positive social change within the healthcare delivery environment in the roles of change agent and nurse. Students’ capstone experiences will help them develop their passion as practitioners while enhancing the nurse role as an advocate for social change within a scholarly presence. Note: This course requires a minimum of 144 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 6630 - Psychopharmacologic Approaches to Treatment of Psychopathology


    (5 cr.) At times, psychotherapy is not enough to alleviate the emotional difficulties that some patients face. To that end, psychopharmacologic approaches are needed. Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners (PMHNPs) must have a strong basis in psychopharmacology, extending from a prior education in pharmacology, to make appropriate medication choices for their patients. Learners in this course consider psychopharmacologic approaches to major mental health disorders including, but not limited to, major depressive disorders, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders as well as psychotic disorders. Learners explore key considerations associated with medication selection, monitoring of efficacy, and long-term management.
  
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    NURS 6640 - Psychotherapy With Individuals


    (5 cr.: 3 cr. didactic, 2 cr. practicum) Psychotherapy involves giving more than “good advice.” For the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) to be effective, deliberate approaches to therapy must be used that are consistent with evidence-based practices. Learners in this course are introduced to a variety of therapeutic techniques that can be used during psychotherapy sessions with individuals across the lifespan. Emphasis is placed on evidence-based applications of various therapeutic approaches for a wide range of psychiatric issues. The focus of the practicum experience is on psychotherapeutic approaches with individuals. Note: The practicum is 144 hrs.
  
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    NURS 6650 - Psychotherapy With Groups and Families


    (5 cr.: 3 cr. didactic, 2 cr. practicum) Managed care has ushered in a new era of effective mental health services. To that end, the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) must know how to optimize not only his or her time, but also the treatment benefits associated with family and group therapy. In this course, the emphasis is on the concept of treatment of the family unit. Group dynamics and benefits associated with group therapy are also emphasized along with introducing the learner to techniques that can be used in group therapy settings. The focus of the practicum experience is on the treatment of the family unit as well as the provision of group psychotherapy. Note: The practicum is 144 hrs.
  
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    NURS 6660 - Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Role I: Child and Adolescent


    (5 cr.: 3 cr. didactic, 2 cr. practicum) Working from a lifespan approach, this first practicum course for the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) is an introduction for the learner to child and adolescent psychiatry. Emphasis is placed on the psychiatric and/or mental health disorders that begin in childhood and adolescence and topics include psychiatric assessment, differential diagnosis, application of diagnostic criteria, appropriate diagnostic testing, and diagnostic formulation. The learner will select a combination of psychotherapeutic modalities coupled with psychopharmacologic approaches to treat common psychiatric mental health conditions of children and adolescents. The focus of the practicum experience is on application of didactic concepts to actual patient care situations. Note: The practicum is 144 hrs.
  
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    NURS 6670 - Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Role II: Adults and Older Adults


    (5 cr.: 3 cr. didactic, 2 cr. practicum) Continuing from the lifespan approach, the learner in this final course for the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) focuses on psychiatric mental health issues that occur in adults and older adults. Selection of assessment approaches for the adult and older adult as well as differential diagnosis, application of diagnostic criteria, appropriate diagnostic testing, and diagnostic case formulation will be undertaken. The learner will use both psychotherapeutic approaches coupled with psychopharmacologic approaches to treat common psychiatric mental health conditions of adults and older adults. Through these practicum experiences, learners will focus on the application of didactic concepts to patient care situations. Note: The practicum is 144 hrs.
  
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    NURS 6700 - Epidemiology and Population Health


    (5 cr.) Students in this course are provided with an overview of epidemiologic methodology in the study of the distribution and etiology of disease and health-related conditions in human populations. Students examine important study designs and discuss the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each. They explore and discuss select global problems, such as infectious diseases, bioterrorism attacks, and effects of disasters and emergencies, and they apply epidemiologic and biostatistical methods to study factors related to aggregate, population, and individual health. Additionally, students work toward gaining cultural sensitivity and an interprofessional approach to caring for diverse populations at risk to ensure access to care.
  
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    NURS 6710 - Public Health Nursing Theory and Practice


    (5 cr.) Public health nursing is shaped by social, behavioral, cultural, and demographic factors that impact healthcare at multiple levels. In this course, students develop an understanding of the history of public health and public health nursing, public health law and ethics, system infrastructure, and issues related to health equity and health disparities. Students analyze theories and research that will assist them in understanding the social determinants of health and developing models to assess and deliver healthcare to promote a culture of health in identified populations. (Prerequisite(s): All core courses.)
  
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    NURS 6720 - Population-Based Public Health Nursing Interventions


    (5 cr., [2 cr. didactic, 3 cr. practicum]) In this course, students continue to develop specialized knowledge and skills in advanced public health nursing (PHN) and the delivery of population healthcare within the context of interprofessional practice. Students gain a greater understanding of PHN informatics, environmental health issues, evidence-based public health, and the role of advocacy for policy and social change. The focus of the course is on the assessment and development of culturally competent interventions targeted at community and population levels through a practicum experience. (Prerequisite(s): NURS 6710, PUBH 6034, and NURS 6700.)
  
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    NURS 6730 - Public Health Nursing Leadership


    (5 cr., [3 cr. didactic, 2 cr. practicum]) The development of leadership strategies that support the delivery of population health by the public healthcare system is imperative to quality outcomes. Students address the application of principles and theories of leadership and management in a public health setting as well as the skills needed for nurses to provide effective leadership across agency partnerships at the local, state, national, and international levels. Special focus is placed on developing collaborative partnerships, systems thinking, evidence-based decision making, organizational problem-solving, public health finance and budgeting, accreditation, emergency preparedness, and global health competencies. Students complete a practicum with a public health-related agency emphasizing program evaluation and the use of management and leadership skills. (Prerequisite(s): PUBH 6475.)
  
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    NURS 8000 - Foundations and Essentials of Doctoral Study in Nursing


    (1 cr.) Students in this course are introduced to Walden University and are provided with a foundation for professional development in doctoral nursing practice. Students learn professional standards and end-of-program expectations, and they explore the role of the scholar-practitioner as one who effects positive social change. They engage in course assignments focused on the practical application of professional writing, critical-thinking skills, and the requirements for successful participation in an online curriculum. Students also explore the essentials of being a Walden doctoral student, relevant professional and specialty standards of doctoral-level nursing, intra- and interprofessional collaboration, and the process of the DNP scholarly project.
  
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    NURS 8001 - Foundations and Essentials of Doctoral Study in Nursing


    (1 cr.) Students in this course are introduced to Walden University and are provided with a foundation for professional development in doctoral nursing practice. Students learn professional standards and end-of-program expectations, and they explore the role of the scholar-practitioner as one who effects positive social change. They engage in course assignments focused on the practical application of professional writing, critical-thinking skills, and the requirements for successful participation in an online curriculum. Students also explore the essentials of being a Walden doctoral student, relevant professional and specialty standards of doctoral-level nursing, intra- and interprofessional collaboration, and the process of the PhD dissertation.
  
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    NURS 8100 - Healthcare Policy and Advocacy


    (5 cr.) Many economic, financial, and political factors influence the delivery of healthcare, making healthcare reform a challenging  task. In this course, students examine these factors and challenges, and they consider policy reform through legal, regulatory, ethical, societal, and organizational contexts. They examine the political and policy process, including agenda setting, stakeholder analysis, and application of policy analysis frameworks. Students also explore the importance of interprofessional collaboration in improving health outcomes through the policy process and advocacy for development and implementation of nursing and healthcare policies in organizations at the local, state, national, and international levels. Students engage in written analyses through which they develop new policies and critically evaluate existing policies though policy analysis frameworks.
  
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    NURS 8110 - Theoretical and Scientific Foundations for Nursing


    (5 cr.) In this course, students focus on the integration of scientific, philosophical, and theoretical concepts as the basis for the highest level of nursing practice. They examine the scientific underpinnings for nursing practice, including biobehavioral, pathophysiological, psychosocial, and environmental sciences, and they explore the interrelationship among knowledge, research, and practice. Students also explore and discuss clinical inquiry, ethical issues, and models of evidence-based practice. Considering various philosophies, students describe their own philosophy of nursing. They also apply course concepts to a variety of practical assignments, including a literature review, concept map, and evaluation of current clinical practice problems, among others.

     

  
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    NURS 8200 - Methods for Evidence-Based Practice


    (5 cr.) Students in this course focus on the integration of scientific, philosophical, and theoretical concepts as the basis for the highest level of nursing practice. The scientific underpinnings for nursing practice including biobehavioral, pathophysiological, psychosocial, and environmental sciences are examined. The interrelationship among knowledge, research, and practice is explored. Clinical inquiry, ethical issues, and models of evidence-based practice are presented.
  
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    NURS 8210 - Transforming Nursing and Healthcare Through Technology


    (5 cr.) When used effectively, information technology can support generation of new knowledge and emerging information technologies. In this course, students examine the critical appraisal and use of information technology in advanced nursing practice. Students work toward gaining the skills and knowledge to process and manage information systems/technology resources in consumer, clinical, and public health settings. Students engage in a variety of discussions and assignments designed to provide practical application of content on topics including retrieval and critical analysis of digital data to support healthcare quality improvement; electronic health records integration and evaluation; and Web-based learning and intervention tools to support and improve patient care. They also explore ethical, regulatory, and legal issues as well as the healthcare standards and principles for selecting and evaluating information systems and patient care technology.
  
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    NURS 8250 - Advanced Theoretical and Scientific Perspectives in Nursing


    (5 cr.) Students in this course focus on the sufficient formal and informal learning experiences to build scientific depth in an identified area of study. Students gain the competencies to critique, utilize, and integrate different theoretical and scientific perspectives for the conduct of research, including team science, to generate new ideas based on a critical evaluation of existing knowledge. Attention is given to integration of the components of scholarship, research, teaching, mentoring, and service to the profession gained from understanding the theoretical/scientific underpinnings of nursing and other disciplines.
  
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    NURS 8300 - Organizational and Systems Leadership for Quality Improvement


    (5 cr.) The focus of this course is on the development of leadership strategies and competencies to support healthcare and organizational quality delivery of care. Emphasis is placed on a systems approach exploring the organizational structures, which impact healthcare quality performance and, ultimately, patient outcomes. Using macro (enterprise-wide) and micro (individual and team performance) perspectives, students examine the leadership roles, which define, develop, and support decisions effecting quality strategies. In this course, students address how key organizational theories, principles, and concepts relate to achieving the effective and efficient delivery of safe healthcare services. Through the development of a quality program initiative, students demonstrate an understanding of the impact an initiative has on organizational structure, its environment, and the system’s leadership.
  
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    NURS 8310 - Epidemiology and Population Health


    (5 cr.) Students in this course are provided with an overview of epidemiologic methodology in the study of the distribution and etiology of disease and health-related conditions in human populations. Students examine important study designs and discuss the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each. They explore and discuss select global problems, such as infectious diseases, bioterrorism attacks, and effects of disasters and emergencies, and they apply epidemiologic and biostatistical methods to study factors related to aggregate, population, and individual health. Additionally, students work toward gaining cultural sensitivity and an interprofessional approach to caring for diverse populations at risk to ensure access to care.
  
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    NURS 8400 - Evidence-Based Practice I: Assessment and Design


    (5 cr.) In this course, students focus on the competencies required of the healthcare professional in planning for the design, development, implementation, and evaluation of health promotion and disease prevention initiatives. They explore and discuss strategic approaches to planning, implementation, and evaluation, including cost-benefit analysis. Note: This is a 5-cr. course (4 didactic cr., 1 clinical cr.). Clinical hours have a 1:6 ratio (credit/clinical), resulting in 72 clinical hours.
  
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    NURS 8410 - Best Practices In Nursing Specialties


    (5 cr.) A scholarly inquiry of key concepts in nursing is presented in this course. Students analyze best practices and evolving issues in their nursing areas of practice. They explore advanced specialty practice problems through a guided initial review of literature. Students develop a program or project to address clinical/practice questions under the guidance of an approved clinical mentor. Students generate an evidence-based practice question and develop and implement an intervention within the practicum setting. Students disseminate the project plan and results at the practicum site. Note: This is a 5-cr. course (4 didactic cr., 1 clinical cr.). Clinical hours have a 1:6 ratio (credit/clinical), resulting in 72 clinical hours.
  
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    NURS 8500 - Evidence-Based Practice II: Planning and Implementation


    (3 cr.) In this DNP practicum course, students focus on planning and implementing an evidence-based practice program/project designed to address their clinical/practice questions; students complete work under the guidance of an approved practicum mentor. Students generate practicum journals and discussion content that drill down to the evidence-based change project related to their clinical/practice question and resulting findings, conclusions, and recommendations. Note: This 3-cr. practicum course has a 1:6 ratio of credit to clinical hours, resulting in 216 clinical hours.
  
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    NURS 8510 - Evidence-Based Practice III: Implementation, Evaluation, and Dissemination


    (3 cr.) The focus of this DNP practicum course is on the evaluation of an evidence-based health project relevant to aggregate, systems, or organizational levels of healthcare. In addition, students develop and plan for the dissemination of a scholarly product generated by that project to a wider community of scholar-practitioners. Students work with an approved practicum mentor to generate practicum evidence and complete practicum journal requirements, and the evidence-based project, demonstrating the use of leadership skills and advanced nursing practice knowledge to promote quality improvement, improve health outcomes, and inform healthcare policy. Students in the DNP practicum course are provided with the opportunity to reflect on self-evaluation, professional growth, and postgraduation plans. Note: This 3-credit practicum course has a 1:6 ratio of credit to practicum hours, resulting in 216 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 8551 - Preparing for Dissertation


    (5 cr.) The focus of this course is on the preparation for the dissertation phase of training. In this course, students identify a dissertation topic and potential dissertation committee members; begin to conduct a literature review; develop a problem statement and research questions; and evaluate research designs, methods, and types of analyses to use for their dissertation. Students also complete their initial premise in this course and an annotated outline of their prospectus.
     
  
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    NURS 8600 - DNP Field Experience


    (1 cr.) The purpose of this course is to provide students with the opportunity to complete additional practicum hours to fulfill the 1,000-hour requirement of the DNP. Students may take NURS 8600 - DNP Field Experience course up to six times, based on practicum hours attained prior to DNP admission. Students generate practicum portfolio evidence. In this 1-cr. practicum course, there is a 1:6 ratio of credit to practicum hours, resulting in 72 practicum hours.
  
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    NURS 8700 - DNP Project Mentoring


    (0 cr.) The purpose of this course is to serve as a platform for ongoing communication between students and their DNP Project Committee chairs and a repository for drafts and documentation related to the DNP project. Students will be assigned to sections of NURS 8700 based on their DNP Project Committee chair, which will support communication between students who are working on their DNP projects with common faculty chairs in an ongoing collaborative learning community.
  
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    NURS 8701 - DNP Project Completion


    (3 cr. per term as needed to complete the DNP Project.) The purpose of this course is to serve as a platform for ongoing communication between students and their DNP Project Committee chairs and a repository for drafts and documentation related to the DNP project. Students will be assigned to sections of NURS 8701 based on their DNP Project Committee chair, which will support communication between students who are working on their DNP projects with common faculty chairs in an ongoing collaborative learning community.

    Students take this course for a minimum of 4 quarters and are continuously enrolled until completion of their Doctoral Project with final Chief Academic Officer (CAO) approval.

    To complete a doctoal project, students must obtain the academic approval of several independent evaluators including their committee, the University Research Reviewer, and the Institutional Review Board; pass the Form and Style Review; gain approval at the oral defense stage; and gain final approval by the Chief Academic Officer. Students must also publish their doctoral project on ProQuest before their degree is conferred.

  
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    NURS 9000 - Dissertation


    (5 cr. per term for a minimum of 4 quarters until completion) In this course, doctoral students have the opportunity to integrate their Program of Study into an in-depth exploration of an interest area that includes the completion of a research study. Students complete the dissertation independently, with the guidance of a dissertation supervisory committee chair and committee members, in a learning platform classroom in which weekly participation is required. Students complete a prospectus, proposal, Institutional Review Board application, and dissertation.

    Students take this course for a minimum of 4 quarters and are continuously enrolled until completion of their Dissertation with final Chief Academic Officer (CAO) approval.

    To complete a dissertation, students must obtain the academic approval of several independent evaluators including their committee, the University Research Reviewer, and the Institutional Review Board; pass the Form and Style Review; gain approval at the oral defense stage; and gain final approval by the Chief Academic Officer. Students must also publish their dissertation on ProQuest before their degree is conferred. Learn more about the dissertation process in the Dissertation Guidebook.

  
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    PBHL 8002 - Foundations of Graduate Study


    (3 cr.) Students in this course are introduced to Walden University and to the requirements for successful participation in an online curriculum. Students work toward building a foundation for academic and professional success as scholar-practitioners and social change agents. They assess the relationship of mission and vision to professional goals, and they develop a program of study, a professional development plan, and strategies for online success. Students also explore resources used throughout the program, such as the online Walden University Library. They engage in course assignments focused on the practical application of professional writing, critical-thinking skills, and the promotion of professional and academic excellence.
  
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    PBHL 8005 - Business Concepts for Organizational Development Professionals


    (5 cr.) Organizational success depends on many aspects, such as human and market factors. In this course, students explore these factors as well as the language of work, business, and management structures and processes. They also examine related topics, such as finance, marketing, accounting, strategic planning, organizational design, and quality and process improvement. Students apply concepts and theories to case study scenarios and real-life situations. They also demonstrate their knowledge through a health audit of an actual organization, for which they provide a synopsis of a variety of organization aspects, such as ethical and legal issues, organizational architecture, group relations, human factors, and accounting and financial factors, among others.
  
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    PBHL 8012 - Behavioral Health Management


    (5 cr.) Management in modern healthcare organizations has become increasingly more complex and challenging. Leaders in behavioral healthcare management can expect their roles and responsibilities to be multifaceted. In this course, students will explore the commonalities and differences between healthcare management in general and behavioral healthcare in particular. They will also consider what it means to be an effective leader and an effective manager and how to apply theories of leadership to the behavioral healthcare setting. Additionally, the range of management roles and functions will be identified and applied to a behavioral healthcare setting.

     

  
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    PBHL 8050 - Global Health and Issues in Disease Prevention


    (5 cr.) An in-depth review of how population-based strategies are used in the prevention of disease and disability is provided to students in this course. Students explore the topics of population health and disease prevention from the perspective of understanding the determinants of health. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, students examine how economics, social factors, health policy, urbanization, globalization, the environment, and other factors influence disease. Students consider how research in disease prevention, health determinants, and population health applies to public and community health efforts.
  
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    PBHL 8130 - Communications, Marketing, and Public Relations for Public Health Leaders


    (5 cr.) An overview of marketing and public relations principles as they relate to public health, highlighting theoretical concepts that are commonly used in health communications research, is provided to students in this course. Topics include using social marketing techniques, promoting health literacy, developing community partnerships, and creating culturally sensitive and appropriate promotional materials. Students focus on using social media to identify and advance public health interests and ethical principles. Through case studies, students examine how they can use marketing practices to translate health research into social action and behavioral change.
  
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    PBHL 8200 - Behavioral Health Social Entrepreneurship and Advocacy


    (5 cr.) The focus of this course is on applying the concepts of sustainable value to create behavioral health business sustainability through investment strategies, market insight, and operational excellence. Students will gain an understanding of how sustainable development and sustainability principles are used as drivers for innovation, collaboration, and transformation. Topics will also include business planning and decision making using strategic management principles and the model of strategic planning for the public and private sectors. Students in this course use the case-based method of learning in applying concepts from strategy, leadership, decision analysis, and behavioral health management to the development of situational analyses, corporate- and operational-level decision making, implementation plan development, and strategic evaluation. (Prerequisite(s): DRWI 8504).
  
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    PBHL 8207 - Grant Writing


    (5 cr.) Grant writing is a highly marketable skill that requires many not-for-profit, educational, and community organizations to secure external funding in order to provide needed services to the community. In this course, students will explore the basic skills needed for grant writing including identifying potential funding sources, creating objectives and a need statement, preparing and justifying a budget, identifying appropriate assessment plans, and writing an executive summary. Through their course assignments, students can directly apply what they are reading and discussing by writing a full grant proposal based on an actual Request for Proposal (RFP).
  
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    PBHL 8214 - Consulting for Organizational Change


    (5 cr.) Organizational and professional development (OPD) professionals promote and implement organizational change by using fundamental techniques of change management. Students in this course examine and apply these tools, including consulting competencies, approaches, and organizational change models to learn the skills of an OPD consultant. Students explore methods for accelerating individual, group, and organizational performance through consulting, coaching, and change management. They also explore related topics, such as organizational assessment; team development; strategic planning; group dynamics; power, politics, and influence; leadership; and conflict management. Students apply course concepts to the assessment of an organization and the development of strategies to address identified needs for change.
  
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    PBHL 8216 - Dynamics of Contemporary, International, and Virtual Organizations


    (5 cr.) Globalization, technological innovation, and market factors continually change the context of business, requiring professionals who understand how organizations function to work through challenges and harness opportunities for change. In this course, students explore the implications of the changing nature of organizations as well as the emergence of international and virtual organizations in a global economy. Through contextual and application-based assignments, students address the unique opportunities and challenges for government, for-profit, nonprofit, international, and virtual organizations. Applying acquired knowledge and skills, students provide a diagnosis and recommendations for a specific organization’s development efforts.
  
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    PBHL 8242 - Changing Health Behavior


    (5 cr.) Students in this course will review past and current models of health behavior change, disease prevention, disease management, and relapse prevention. Coverage of health-related issues includes dietary needs, tobacco and drug use, safer sexual practices, and stress management. In addition, students will examine the analysis of behavior change within specific populations (young, elderly, cognitively impaired, etc.) and factors that predict or serve as obstacles to lifestyle change and adherence.
  
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    PBHL 8300 - Healthcare Financial Management and Economics


    (5 cr.) In this course, students gain knowledge of economic principles such as cost, quality, and access as they relate to the healthcare world. The principles of healthcare financial management, including accounting and finance, are vitally important to the viability and ongoing operations of a healthcare business. Students have the opportunity to interpret and analyze the financial statements of a business, use and analyze financial ratios, utilize variance analysis, understand and implement operating and capital budgeting, and develop knowledge of the business planning process. Students create portions of a business/financial plan using these techniques and analyze the viability of their plan using accepted financial management tools.
  
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    PBHL 8315 - Program Evaluation


    (5 cr.) The skills required to assess research and work effectively with stakeholders are among the many proficiencies required of professionals who evaluate and develop programs. In this course, students examine these skill sets as well as the history, theory, and major approaches underlying program evaluation. Students learn how to select appropriate quantitative and/or qualitative models and techniques to perform evaluations, demonstrate program effectiveness, and disseminate results. Additionally, students explore the procedures and techniques involved in offering their evaluation services to a specific group or organization. They also examine strategies to gain stakeholder interest in developing appropriate standards, research progress, and evaluation outcomes. Students acquire practical experience evaluating a program of interest through which they outline organizational structure, identify stakeholders, employ evaluation models, explain steps in planning, and predict possible challenges or stakeholder fears, for which they recommend solutions.
  
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    PBHL 8316 - Economics and Financing of Public Health Systems


    (5 cr.) In this course, students investigate the provision of resources for the delivery of public health services and the application of economic theories to health policy issues. Students explore how organizational characteristics interact with economic forces to produce systems performance outcomes, as well as how fiscal policy can influence the performance of public health systems. Students analyze grant-writing strategies and the advantages and disadvantages of various financing options. Other topics include methods of economic evaluation and their usefulness in determining appropriate financing mechanisms for public health systems.
  
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    PBHL 8320 - International Health and Mental Health Issues


    (5 cr.) Students in this course review how recent international issues such as terrorism, civil war, mass migration, and refugee crises influence development and lives of human beings throughout the lifespan. They examine how extreme life stressors such as exposure to disaster, war, terrorism, displacement, genocide, instability, loss of family, and death influence health (e.g., sanitation, diseases, reproductive issues) and mental health issues (e.g., trauma, anxiety, depression, adjustment difficulties, debilitating mental illnesses) and also impact the psychosocial well-being and development of infants, children, young adults, adults, and elders within their specific contextual and cultural background. Students also examine psychosocial support and intervention programs developed for health and mental health promotion of the affected individuals and how they impact positive social change.
  
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    PBHL 8330 - Holding Up the Mirror: Understanding Different Cultures and Increasing Global Consciousness


    (5 cr.) Professionals in all areas of public policy and administration work with individuals and organizations of different cultures on a daily basis; therefore, global consciousness is vital to effective communication and interaction in the field. In this course, students explore and analyze the cultural values and styles of communication, reasoning, and leadership unique to their home culture. Students apply these concepts to better understand the people, values, and policies of other cultures. They also identify and become familiar with challenges that American nonprofit organizations face as they work internationally or cross-culturally within the United States. Sharpening critical-thinking skills, students research and assess an organization within their own community that has international links; through this assessment, students gain further awareness of different cultures and the importance of cross-cultural ties. 
  
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    PBHL 8450 - Project and Resource Management in Health Services Organizations


    (5 cr.) In this course, students focus on the strategic resource management process in an organizational setting. As leaders in the healthcare field, students explore resource management within the context of the healthcare mission, planning resource allocation, program implementation, and program evaluation. Students have the opportunity to assess their organization’s current strategic position and apply relevant theoretical models in healthcare settings to adjust management practices in a changing healthcare environment. Students can also address the organizational dynamics and change management processes of integrated health systems and their networks of hospitals, nursing homes, group practices, and medical offices.
  
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    PBHL 8465 - Strategic Planning: Collaboration, Cooperation, and Coordination


    (5 cr.) In an increasingly complex world, leaders and managers in public, private, and not-for-profit organizations need to be strategic in planning and creating effective, collaborative programs and services. In this course, students explore the role and process of strategic planning, with an emphasis on collaboration, cooperation, and coordination within and among organizations. Students apply these concepts to real-life situations and organizations.
  
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    PBHL 8540 - Management and Leadership in a Global Environment


    (5 cr.) Public policy implementation can take place in various types of organizations. Students engage in a collaborative study of strategic planning, management, and leadership in the context of public and nonprofit organizations. Students in this course identify, analyze, and evaluate the intricate relationships among strategic planning, management, and leadership from an international perspective. Students cover three key institutional elements: thinking, acting, and leading strategically. Students apply a management systems approach as they develop, adopt, manage, and lead a strategic plan for an international public or nonprofit organization or with an international focus. Students will understand the strategic context for practical decision making for international public and nonprofit organizations, emphasizing the central role of the environment in the strategic planning process. Students are offered a hands-on approach that tests their ability to make effective and timely management and leadership decisions in complex and uncertain conditions.
  
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    PBHL 8573 - Child and Adolescent Health


    (5 cr.) Students in this course will review past and current models of health behavior change, disease prevention, disease management, and relapse prevention. Coverage of health-related issues includes dietary needs, tobacco and drug use, safer sexual practices, and stress management. In addition, students will examine the analysis of behavior change within specific populations (young, elderly, cognitively impaired, etc.) and factors that predict or serve as obstacles to lifestyle change and adherence.
  
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    PBHL 8574 - Women’s Health


    (5 cr.) Students in this course examine healthcare issues in women and girls. Topics include healthy development, trauma, coping, self-esteem, resilience, self-care, well-being, sexual health, relationships, roles, family, schooling, careers, motherhood, transitions, violence, security, bereavement, and positive aging.
  
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    PBHL 8600 - Governance, Law, and Policy for Healthcare Leaders or Behavioral Healthcare


    (5 cr.) Many economic, financial, and political factors influence the delivery of behavioral health healthcare, making healthcare reform a challenging task. In this course, students examine these factors and challenges, and they consider policy reform through legal, regulatory, ethical, societal, and organizational contexts. Topics include behavioral healthcare policy, advocacy, laws, mandates, contracts, and ethical obligations to provide quality behavioral healthcare by being stewards of their organization. They examine the political and policy process, including agenda setting, stakeholder analysis, and application of policy analysis frameworks. (Prerequisite(s): DRWI 8504).
  
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    PBHL 8745 - Health Psychology


    (5 cr.) Health psychologists work toward positive change in healthcare and health behavior through the study of relationships between patients and providers, how individuals and groups adapt to illness, damaging health behaviors, health cognitions, and many other related issues. In this course, students explore the field of health psychology with a focus on the biopsychosocial model. They discuss behavioral and biomedical theories as well as the effect of psychological (personality), behavioral (health behaviors and coping), and social factors (stress and physician-patient relationships) on physical health and wellness. Through the examination of current literature and peer discussions, students explore and address issues related to cardiovascular and immune health, including heart disease, stroke, cancer, and HIV/AIDS. They demonstrate their understanding of course material and consider how topics apply to their personal and professional life through the development of task force papers, a health brochure, and a final essay.
  
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    PBHL 8750 - Trends and Issues in Executive-Level Management for Healthcare Administrators


    (5 cr.) Given the dynamic nature of the healthcare industry, healthcare administrators are facing more challenges and opportunities than ever before. In this seminar-style course, students address how executive-level managers leading complex health systems can use strategic planning, risk management, and innovative business practices to take advantage of healthcare trends, as well as the current social and economic forces that guide strategic planning of healthcare systems. Students explore ways to improve board of director relationships, address financial challenges, and implement healthcare reform measures. As a result of this course, students are better able to visualize and address the quickly changing landscape of healthcare delivery per the guidelines outlined in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. Students also have the opportunity to address the cultural issues that are present in the healthcare environment.
  
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    PBHL 8752 - Psychology of Organizational Behavior


    (5 cr.) Students in this course examine the application of behavioral theories in organizational settings. The focus is on individual, group, and organizational behavior. Topics include individual differences in employee motivation and job satisfaction, group development, team building, organizational leadership, and organizational design, culture, and development. Students acquire a broad knowledge base in organizational psychology, its research, and its applications.
  
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    PBHL 8755 - Leadership and Leader Development


    (5 cr.) Effective leadership requires the ability to facilitate positive change, lead others in efforts to effect similar change, and work through challenges when met with resistance to change. Students in this course are provided with an extensive overview of leadership theories. Students explore definitions of leadership, major theoretical leadership models, and contextual and situational factors related to leadership and change. Students also examine various perspectives on leadership and the role of leadership in the achievement of organizational, group, and team goals. Students engage in practical assignments and discussions, focusing on effective leadership issues and practices during the process of organizational change.
  
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    PBHL 8762 - Teaching of Psychology


    (5 cr.) Students in this course examine techniques and issues related to teaching psychology at the college and/or university level. They examine aspects of the adult development process, teaching skills, rapport with students, and course and classroom management. Students also explore classroom communication and ethical issues relevant to both instructors and students. Demonstrating their knowledge and communicating perspectives, students complete writing assignments on topics related to teaching psychology. They also have the opportunity to gain practical experience and constructive feedback as they lead discussions, assign grades, and evaluate other student teachers.
  
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    PBHL 8763 - Principles of Instructional Design


    (5 cr.) Students in this course are presented with an overview and critical analysis of various instructional methods and techniques, including their historical, psychological, and social foundations. Students analyze specific instructional applications in various settings and through multiple theories of learning, such as behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, and social-situational. They apply prior knowledge of learning, development, and cognition to understand these applications. Students also consider and discuss the major challenges affecting curriculum design as well as potential future trends. Demonstrating understanding of course concepts, students critically analyze and present current issues in instructional design through collaborative projects.
  
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    PBHL 8764 - Instructional Design for Online Course Development


    (5 cr.) In this course, students explore instructional design and delivery of online courses, issues related to assessment, evaluation in a distance-learning environment, and appropriate and systematic use of technology in online learning venues. Addressing course objectives and discussion questions, students explore and assess issues related to learning styles and instructional strategies in the online environment as well as alternatives to the online lecture. Students gain hands-on experience developing components for online instruction using course concepts and best practices in the field.
  
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    PBHL 8815 - Contemporary Gerontology/Geriatric Psychology


    (5 cr.) Statistical data indicate that people are living longer and the number of older persons is continually increasing. As the population ages, society must prepare to address their needs. Students in this course are provided with a multidisciplinary approach to the study of aging in contemporary societies. Students examine the biological, psychological, social, and societal contexts of aging. They also explore the historical and cross-cultural perspectives on aging, social theories of aging, managing chronic diseases, cognitive changes associated with aging, mental health issues, sexuality, and social interactions. Through a series of taskforce reports on various topics, such as sexually transmitted diseases, substance abuse, and elder abuse, students apply course concepts and critically examine current issues in gerontology.
  
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    PBHL 8900 - Doctoral Research Project Lab


    (5 cr.) Through this course, doctoral students have a platform for the ongoing collaborative learning communication between them and their doctoral study chairs and as a repository for drafts and documentation materials related to the doctoral study. The final doctoral study is a demonstration of students’ scholarly ability to examine, critique, and synthesize knowledge, theory, and experience, so that new ideas can be tested; best practices identified, established, and verified; and theoretical, practice, or policy constructs evaluated and advanced. In all cases, students engage in rigorous inquiry that results in new knowledge, insight, or practice, demonstrating efficacy in the world of behavioral health leadership.
  
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    PBHL 8911 - Healthcare Quality Management


    (5 cr.) The focus of this course is the development of leadership strategies and competencies to support healthcare and organizational quality delivery of care. Emphasis is placed on a systems approach for exploring the organizational structures, which impact healthcare quality performance and, ultimately, patient outcomes. Using macro (enterprise-wide) and micro (individual and team performance) perspectives, students examine the leadership roles, which define, develop, and support decisions affecting quality strategies. Students in this course address how key organizational theories, principles, and concepts relate to achieving the effective and efficient delivery of safe healthcare services. Through the development of a quality program initiative, students demonstrate an understanding of the impact an initiative has on organizational structure, its environment, and the system’s leadership.
  
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    PBHL 9001 - Doctoral Research Project


    (5 cr. per term for a minimum of four terms until completion) In this capstone course, doctoral students have the opportunity to integrate their program of study and demonstrate their knowledge in an in-depth exploration of a behavioral health practice issue or problem. Students complete an applied practice-based project independently, with the guidance of a capstone supervisory committee chair and committee members, in a learning platform classroom in which weekly participation is required. Students complete a prospectus, proposal, Institutional Review Board application, and carry out and analyze a research protocol and project. The research project can take one of three forms: (1) a program evaluation plan and analysis for an existing program to which a student has access; (2) a turnkey project developing a solution to a real community need; or (3) an empirical evaluation of integrated behavioral health questions using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention dataset.

    Students take this course for a minimum of 4 quarters and are continuously enrolled until completion of their Dissertation with final Chief Academic Officer (CAO) approval.

    To complete a dissertation, students must obtain the academic approval of several independent evaluators including their committee, the University Research Reviewer, and the Institutional Review Board; pass the Form and Style Review; gain approval at the oral defense stage; and gain final approval by the Chief Academic Officer. Students must also publish their dissertation on ProQuest before their degree is conferred. Learn more about the dissertation process in the Dissertation Guidebook.

  
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    PHIL 1001 - Introduction to Philosophy♦


    (5 cr.) Philosophy is a way to explore and process complex issues in life through different perspectives. In this course, students have the opportunity to think about their values, their knowledge and belief systems, their lives, and their place in the world. Students learn about concepts of logic, ethics, metaphysics, reality and truth, and political philosophy. They explore the history of philosophy in the context of important contemporary issues and positions. Through this exploration, combined with self-reflection, students learn to ground their personal philosophies in traditions of philosophical reasoning.
      (Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1001 or ENGL 1010.)
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PHIL 1001S - Introduction to Philosophy♦


    (5 cr.) Philosophy is a way to explore and process complex issues in life through different perspectives. In this course, students have the opportunity to think about their values, their knowledge and belief systems, their lives, and their place in the world. Students learn about concepts of logic, ethics, metaphysics, reality and truth, and political philosophy. They explore the history of philosophy in the context of important contemporary issues and positions. Through this exploration, combined with self-reflection, students learn to ground their personal philosophies in traditions of philosophical reasoning. (Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1001 or ENGL 1010.)
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PHIL 2001 - Ethics♦


    (5 cr.) Students are introduced to the nature and foundations of moral judgments and applications to contemporary moral issues in this course. Students explore an overview of ethical constraints from the prevailing philosophical and religious perspectives. Using a range of moral theories, students assess their beliefs, values, and perspectives on various ethical scenarios. Through this course, students gain the knowledge needed to formulate solutions to problems of professional and private life against the backdrop of ethical theory.
      (Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1001 or ENGL 1010.)
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PHIL 2001C - Ethics♦


    (5 cr.) Students are introduced to the nature and foundations of moral judgments and applications to contemporary moral issues in this course. Students explore an overview of ethical constraints from the prevailing philosophical and religious perspectives. Using a range of moral theories, students assess their beliefs, values, and perspectives on various ethical scenarios. Through this course, students gain the knowledge needed to formulate solutions to problems of professional and private life against the backdrop of ethical theory. (Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1001 or ENGL 1010.)
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PHIL 3010 - Science and Spirituality♦


    (5 cr.) Students in this course investigate the human experience as understood through science, spiritual traditions, and contemporary thinking. They analyze the roles of evolutionary psychology, social psychology, science, and spirituality as they relate to human beliefs and experiences, such as happiness and love. Through a range of conceptual and applied assignments, students gain an understanding of historical and religious traditions and scientific theories as well as the theories and arguments of leading scientific and religious thinkers. Students also learn to determine the separateness or duality of science and spirituality.
     
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PHSC 1001 - Earth Science♦


    (5 cr.) Students are introduced to the major concepts in astronomy, meteorology, and geology with selected examples of interrelationships in this course. Students explore Earth’s air, water, and physical processes as they shape the physical world. They engage in assignments that emphasize the relationship of the study of Earth sciences to the world in which they live, such as an evaluation of the world’s energy and environmental problems. Through such assignments, students develop and demonstrate an understanding of fundamental scientific principles. They also gain the knowledge needed to understand and express major issues that affect the health of their community. Additionally, students develop an appreciation for the natural processes that occur on Earth and how they impact and affect the natural world.
     
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PHSC 1001C - Earth Science♦


    (5 cr.) Students are introduced to the major concepts in astronomy, meteorology, and geology with selected examples of interrelationships in this course. Students explore Earth’s air, water, and physical processes as they shape the physical world. They engage in assignments that emphasize the relationship of the study of Earth sciences to the world in which they live, such as an evaluation of the world’s energy and environmental problems. Through such assignments, students develop and demonstrate an understanding of fundamental scientific principles. They also gain the knowledge needed to understand and express major issues that affect the health of their community. Additionally, students develop an appreciation for the natural processes that occur on Earth and how they impact and affect the natural world.
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PMGT 3000 - Project Management Strategies♦


    (5 cr.) Organizational leaders face significant challenges in meeting strategic objectives, given the global nature and inherent complexity of today’s business environment. Students in this course are introduced to project management, an organizational structure and business model for attaining strategic goals. Students in this course focus on the project management body of knowledge and trends in project management. Topics include defining the difference between project and operational management; the management of cost, schedule and quality; the project charter; and the project management plan. (Prerequisite(s): BUSI 1002.)
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PMGT 3001 - Project Management Methods I♦


    (5 cr.) As a business practice, project management helps organizations with a structured approach to accomplishing work and meeting strategic goals. More and more organizations now manage by projects and, as a result, the profession of project management has gained prominence. Students in this course focus on the latest concepts in project management and can gain the knowledge and skills needed to successfully manage projects as a project management professional. Topics include the major Project Management Knowledge Areas: Scope, Time, Cost, Risk, and Quality Management. (Prerequisite(s): PMGT 3000.)
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PMGT 4001 - Project Management Methods II♦


    (5 cr.) Companies now recognize the value of project management as a way to achieve greater organizational performance. Project success certainly depends on the proper application of project management tools and techniques. At the same time, the managerial skills of the professional project manager are equally or perhaps even more important. Students in this course focus on the soft skills that a professional project manager needs to effectively manage and communicate with internal and external project stakeholders. Topics include project management knowledge areas covering Human Resource, Procurement, Communications, and Stakeholder Management. (Prerequisite(s): PMGT 3001.)
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    POLI 1001 - American Government and Politics♦


    (5 cr.) The air we breathe, the water we drink, and the protection of our lives and property all are affected by the actions of local, regional, and national levels of government. In this course, students learn about the workings of the American government and the roles, rights, and responsibilities of citizens. Students explore the constitutional foundations and major institutions of American government demonstrated through the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. They engage in a range of assignments, such as an analysis on Supreme Court decisions, to gain an understanding of how the U.S. government functions, including the roles of political parties, elections, voting, and interest groups, as well as how the United States formulates and implements public policy.
     
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    POLI 1001S - American Government and Politics♦


    (5 cr.) The air we breathe, the water we drink, and the protection of our lives and property are all affected by the actions of local, regional, and national levels of government. In this course, students are introduced to the workings of the U.S. government and the roles, rights, and responsibilities of citizens. Students explore the constitutional foundations and major institutions of U.S. government demonstrated through the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. They engage in a range of assignments, such as an analysis of Supreme Court decisions, to gain an understanding of how the U.S. government functions, including the roles of political parties, elections, voting, and interest groups, as well as how the United States formulates and implements public policy.
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 7201 - Strategic Planning: Collaboration, Cooperation, and Coordination


    (5 cr.) In an increasingly complex world, leaders and managers in public, private, and nonprofit organizations need to be strategic in planning and creating effective, collaborative programs and services. This course explores the role and process of strategic planning with an emphasis on collaboration, cooperation, and coordination within and among organizations. Students apply these concepts to real-life situations and organizations. (Prerequisite(s): EDUC 7311).
  
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    PPPA 7202 - Ethics and Social Justice


    (5 cr.) Ethics is a foundational element of leadership. Leaders face increasingly complex social and political challenges as they seek to meet the needs of diverse constituents. This course explores ethics and social justice related to economic disparity, power, and privilege. Students use demographic data, current social trends, and themes to understand, analyze, and address ethical and social justice issues that impact service delivery in a global community. (Prerequisite(s): EDUC 7311).
  
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    PPPA 8000 - Foundations of Doctoral Study


    (1 cr.) Students taking this course are introduced to Walden University and the requirements for successful participation in a doctoral program in an online learning environment. Students are also provided with a foundation for academic and professional success as a scholar-practitioner and social change agent. Course assignments focus on the practical application of critical reading and thinking, scholarly writing, and academic integrity. Students also become familiar with Walden’s library, scholarly resources, and APA style rules.
  
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    PPPA 8000i - Foundations of Doctoral Studies for International Students


    (1 cr.) Students taking this course are introduced to Walden University and the requirements for successful participation in a doctoral program in an online learning environment. They are also provided with a foundation for academic and professional success as a scholar-practitioner and social change agent, from an international student perspective. Course assignments focus on the practical application of critical reading and thinking, scholarly writing, and academic integrity, addressing themes and issues that are most relevant to international students or students who live and work outside the United States. Students also become familiar with Walden’s library, scholarly resources, and APA style rules.
  
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    PPPA 8004 - Foundations for Doctoral Studies


    (3 cr.) Students in this course are introduced to Walden University and to the requirements for successful participation in an online curriculum. Students work toward building a foundation for academic and professional success as a scholar-practitioner and social change agent. They assess the relationship of mission and vision to professional goals and develop a program of study and strategies for online success. Students also explore resources used throughout the program, such as the online Walden University Library. Students engage in course assignments focused on the practical application of professional writing, critical-thinking skills, and the promotion of professional and academic excellence as they relate to practice in public policy and administration.
  
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    PPPA 8004I - Foundations for Doctoral Studies for International Students


    (3 cr.) Students in this course are introduced to Walden University and to the requirements for successful participation in an online curriculum. Students work toward building a foundation for academic and professional success as a scholar-practitioner and social change agent. They assess the relationship of mission and vision to professional goals and develop a program of study and strategies for online success. Students also explore resources used throughout the program, such as the online Walden University Library. Students engage in course assignments focused on the practical application of professional writing, critical-thinking skills, and the promotion of professional and academic excellence as they relate to practice in public policy and administration.
  
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    PPPA 8101 - Critical Issues in Emergency Management♦


    (5 cr.) Students in this course examine the theories and concepts underpinning contemporary emergency management and how to understand the phenomena of natural and human-caused disasters. Students examine the historical context of emergency management, the general process of risk assessment, the emergency management cycle, communications within emergency management and crisis planning, and the general policy and legal framework surrounding the process of emergency management in the United States with a focus on the National Incident Management System (NIMS). Case studies of major catastrophes are used to explore contemporary and practical hazard management. Students can complete the FEMA Emergency Management Institute courses IS-100.b - Introduction to Incident Command System and either IS-800.b - National Response Framework: An Introduction or IS700.a - National Incident Management System as part of this course. Nationally recognized certificates are awarded for successful completion of FEMA courses.
    ♦Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 8111 - Leadership and Organizational Change♦


    (5 cr.) Successful organizations in a rapidly changing and complex world require leaders who embrace change and are able to engage others in change. In this course, students use traditional literature, current articles, and interactive media to explore the qualities, characteristics, and skills of effective leaders as well as the theories, models, and relationships between leadership and organizational change. They assess the ethical issues and standards as well as the opportunities and challenges related to leading diverse organizations through change. Students also examine how current leaders employ leadership and organizational change to contribute to social change, and they consider how to use these lessons to make further positive changes within an organization or their own community.
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 8112 - Governance and Public Policy♦


    (5 cr.) Democratic principles are the foundation of modern life. Students in this course receive an overview of democratic governance in public administration, public policy, or nonprofit or nongovernmental organizations in modern society. Students examine the theoretical underpinnings of democratic governance and public policy in their chosen area of specialization necessary for doctoral-level research. Students examine the context in which public and nonprofit leaders function and the social institutions that influence public policy and guide administrative decision making. Students also review fundamental theories of governance, research current literature on a specialized topic, and apply best practices as they relate concepts to complete practical application assignments and a final case scenario project.
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 8115 - Writing a Quality Prospectus


    (5 cr.) The prospectus is a brief paper, typically 15–20 pages in length, that helps students organize, delineate, and make decisions regarding their doctoral study and appropriate research methodology. Students create a prospectus to establish the background for the problem statement; the problem statement itself; a survey of the relevant literature (typically 25–75 references); and a research, implementation, and evaluation plan for the solution of the problem. Students in this 5-credit course focus specifically on the process of writing the dissertation prospectus. They employ their preliminary research plan to develop a problem statement for their dissertation. Students further refine the problem statement and carry out the planning and the library research that lends to the formulation of a dissertation prospectus.
  
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    PPPA 8137 - The Nature of Crime and Criminology♦


    (5 cr.) Students in this course are introduced to contemporary views and theories of maladaptive and criminal behavior. They examine a broad conceptualization of criminal behavior from an interdisciplinary perspective as well as theories and application of criminal profiling. Students also explore specific views of criminal behavior germane to groups, such as psychopaths, serial offenders, and sexually violent predators. At the end of this course, students will have an understanding of the theories and practices that are the foundations of the field of criminology.
    ♦Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 8201 - Risk Assessment, Preparedness, and Disaster Mitigation♦


    (5 cr.) Risk assessment and mitigation are key components to effective emergency management and all-hazard planning and response. Students in this course focus on the methods and techniques required to assess an organization or government’s risk associated with the protection of human life and capital assets. They study ways to evaluate the social vulnerabilities to disaster and the special needs of at-risk populations, and they explore methods to reduce vulnerabilities and build capacity through structural and nonstructural mitigation. Additionally, students complete the FEMA Emergency Management Institute course IS-393.a: Introduction to Hazard Mitigation as part of this course.
    ♦Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 8204 - Fundamentals of Mapping and Geographic Information Systems


    (5 cr.) Students in this course are introduced to the fundamentals of mapping with geographic information systems. Through course readings and activities, students build an understanding of geospatial data assembly and manipulation, as well as the principles of cartographic design. 
  
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    PPPA 8205 - Spatial Analysis and Modeling


    (5 cr.) In this course, students are introduced to advanced geospatial data processing and analysis through a combination of readings and computer exercises. Topics include advanced feature and attribute editing, spatial database queries, basic geoprocessing of both raster and vector data, and geospatial model building.
  
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    PPPA 8206 - GIS Research Methodology


    (5 cr.) Students gain familiarity with the tools and methods of research in geographic information systems by developing an intensive GIS project to solve a practical problem of student interest under guidance from the instructor.
  
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    PPPA 8215 - Controversies in Criminal Justice♦


    (5 cr.) Justice is at the heart of the U.S. democratic system, yet opposing viewpoints surrounding and within the system often muddle interpretations of the law and the development of policies to promote and enforce justice. In this course, students examine events that have significantly changed how the legal system interprets the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. Code, and the U.S. Patriot Act, for example, the terrorist acts of September 11, 2001. They learn how social and historical changes have shifted perspectives and sparked debates on expanding the rights of government versus safeguarding personal civil rights and civil liberties. Through discussion with peers, assessment of contemporary articles, and examination of Supreme Course cases, students have the opportunity to reflect on and potentially broaden their own opinions and perspectives on current criminal justice affairs in regard to issues of law enforcement, public perception, policy development, and ethics.
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 8217 - Technological Solutions and 21st-Century Crime♦


    (5 cr.) In consideration of modern technological innovation and the spread of knowledge through digital means, the relationship between technology and criminal activity is increasing. In this course, students explore this relationship and gain a comprehensive view of cyber crime, including current trends. They learn how law enforcement agencies use technology to track and apprehend criminals. Through real-world scenarios, students examine legal responses to cyber crime and learn different approaches and techniques for solving cyber crimes and handling related challenges. Students also have the opportunity to gain a comprehensive understanding of building cases and prosecuting crimes through practical exercises in identification, data mining, and the protection and gathering of evidence.
    ♦ Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.);1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 8301 - Disaster Response and Recovery♦


    (5 cr.) A major concern of disaster response professionals is meeting basic and humanitarian needs of disaster-affected populations. In this course, students explore a range of issues, including evacuation, relocation, and tactical and strategic decisions in the immediate aftermath of an emergency episode. Students study important federal policies related to disaster response and recovery, including the National Response Framework (NRF), and they can gain an understanding of how local, state, and federal policies mesh in response and recovery efforts. Through their exploration, they study how recovery begins once the immediate threat of the emergency wanes and the focus shifts to restoring disaster-affected areas. As part of this course, students complete the FEMA Emergency Management Institute course IS208.a: State Disaster Management.
    ♦Students may take this as a non-degree course, which means they do not have to be enrolled in a program. Contact an Enrollment Advisor [1-866-492-5336 (U.S.); 1-443-627-7222 (toll)] for more information.
  
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    PPPA 8320 - Public Policy Implications of Terrorism Legislation and Policies


    (5 cr.) Students in this course are provided with the opportunity to develop a broad perspective on the history of the U.S. Patriot Act, terroristic legislation and immigration laws, and their policy implications on law enforcement, governmental entities, organizations, and individuals. Students gain a foundation to build the skills that public administrators and public policy analysts use to draft and implement public policy and enforce and/or respond to potential terroristic threats while simultaneously upholding and protecting constitutional freedoms. Students examine topics through a wide variety of resources, including contemporary texts, websites, case studies, and material representing international, national, and local governments and organizations. They critically review and analyze the U.S. Patriot Act and similar terroristic 297 legislation and policies, and they participate in discussions about these laws and their implications on U.S. constitutional freedoms.
  
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    PPPA 8321 - Terrorism: A Systemic Approach for Emergency Preparedness


    (5 cr.) Terrorism continues to be a constant threat to the American public, facilitating the need for accurate information, organized resources, and established approaches to respond to emergencies and keep the public informed. Students in this course examine terrorism and related public policy on a local, national, and international level. They also assess the need and function of systemic approaches for emergency preparedness. Students explore and discuss topical issues, such as terrorism and public health, bioterrorism, biosecurity, cyber terrorism, risk assessment, implications for public health, and components of a systemic preparedness infrastructure. Using analytic skills and tools, students assess recommendations that policy makers use in decisions to prevent or respond to terrorism. They also gain hands-on experience initiating the development and/or analysis of a terrorism-preparedness infrastructure.
 

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